Fire Alarm Inspection

Six Reasons To Test & Inspect Your Fire Alarm Systems Regularly:

1.  Lives are at stake! Your fire alarm system will only operate properly if it is maintained and some impairments will not be obvious without testing!

2. To meet the requirements of your local building department, fire inspectors, and even your insurance carrier.

3.  Your insurance carrier may reject your claim if you do not have proof of complete annual inspections.

4.  To limit your liability for any potential injuries suffered by tenants, employees, or guests to your business.

5.  To assure that the system does not create nuisance alarms that waste Fire Department resources. This could put others’ lives in jeopardy and many jurisdictions will charge the building owner for multiple nuisance alarms.

6.  It is required by the National Fire Alarm Code! (NFPA 72)—- IT’S THE LAW

NFPA-72 Fire Alarm Testing Frequency (Summary)

      Please be aware that this list is abbreviated for clarity. Please refer to NFPA-72 for the complete list of devices, test frequencies, and procedures.

Monitored Fire Alarm Panels

Weekly Requirement

–Visual inspection of panel trouble signal led’s.

Quarterly Requirement

–Visual inspection of all fire sprinkler devices connected to the alarm. This includes water flow switches and valve tamper switches.

–Test of fire pump monitored points (loss of phase, phase reversal, pump running etc…)

Semiannual Requirements

–Test of sprinkler waterflow switches (flow water or manually trip flapper)

–Test of sprinkler valve tamper switches (operate valves)

–Visual inspection lead-acid battery (swelling or loose connections)

–Test batteries – load voltage

Annual Requirements

–Test & visual inspection of panel functionality, LED’s, fuses, etc…

–Test panel battery charger

–Battery discharge test

–Test & visual inspection of horns, strobes, chimes, & bells etc…

–Test & visual inspection of smoke detectors

–Test & visual inspection of heat detectors

–Test & visual inspection of duct smoke detectors

–Test & visual inspection of Electromechanical Releasing Devices (Solenoid)

  –Test & visual inspection of Voice Evacuation equipment

Other

–Replace sealed lead-acid batteries every 5 years or as test results require.

–Smoke Detector Cleaning: as test results require. Many newer fire alarm panels are capable of issuing maintenance alerts and adjusting sensitivity as the detector becomes dirtier. Both of these features reduce false alarms.

–Smoke & heat detector replacement recommended after 10 years of service.

Unmonitored Fire Alarm Panels

Weekly Requirement

–Visual inspection of panel lamps & led’s, fuses, primary power supply, and interface equipment.

Quarterly Requirement

–Test of panel lamps & led’s, fuses, primary power supply, and interface equipment.

–Visual inspection of all fire sprinkler devices connected to the alarm. This includes water flow switches and valve tamper switches.

–Test of fire pump monitor points (loss of phase, phase reversal, pump running etc…)

Semiannual Requirements

–Test of sprinkler waterflow switches (by flowing water)

–Test of sprinkler valve tamper switches

–Visual inspection lead-acid battery (swelling or loose connections)

–Test batteries – load voltage

Annual Requirements

–Battery discharge test (30 minutes)

–Test & visual inspection of horns, strobes, chimes, & bells etc…

–Test & visual inspection of smoke detectors

–Test & visual inspection of heat detectors

–Test & visual inspection of duct smoke detectors

–Test & visual inspection of Electromechanical Releasing Devices (Solenoid)

–Test & visual inspection of Voice Evacuation equipment

Other

–Replace sealed lead-acid batteries every 5 years or as test results require.

–Smoke Detector Cleaning: as test results require. Many newer fire alarm panels are capable of issuing maintenance alerts and adjusting sensitivity as the detector becomes dirtier. Both of these features reduce false alarms.

–Smoke & heat detector replacement recommended after 10 years of service.

Please be aware that the above list is abbreviated for clarity. Please refer to NFPA 72 for the complete list of devices, test frequencies, and procedures.  Information above was obtained through the website http://www.firealarmtesting.org/

Comments are closed.